Summer's here for most of us, and school's out! But that doesn't mean that learning needs to take a back seat. It just means that parents need to really work hard to sneak in a little bit of learning when they're able, and read-alouds can be the perfect time.
Many important reading comprehension strategies can be taught to children even before children can read--they just take some solid modeling by parents and teachers during read alouds. Connecting, activating schema, questioning, predicting, visualizing, inferring, determining importance, or synthesizing, can all be taught in casual, relaxed--but meaningful--ways during the short span of a read aloud.
Here are a few ways parents can model for their children the reading comprehension strategy of making connections:
- Making Connections: Making connections is usually one of the first reading comprehension strategies that children do naturally when reading a text, since most young ones looove to talk about themselves.
When your daughter shouts, Mommy! I have the same pink tutu as Zoe! while reading a Sesame Street book, she's making a connection. Your son is making a connection when he says, Hey! There's a clown fish like Nemo! during your trip to the aquarium. When Arthur's Family Vacation gets your kiddos reminiscing about your own family's crazy beach trip, they're all making connections.Next up: Making Predictions During Read-Alouds
Connecting allows readers to relate directly to the characters, events, or ideas in a text. When readers are able to draw a connection to a text, they're more likely to remember what they're reading, appreciate what they're reading, and be more invested in what they're reading. Connections can be personal (self-to-text), they can be between two texts (text-to-text), or they can be between the text and some other world event (text-to-world).
During read alouds, parents or teachers can model connection-making by saying something like:
- I remember feeling the same way when I lost my favorite lovie. . .
- Oh, Lilly is so excited about her purse, she just can't stop talking about it. When you got your new shoes, you felt the same way! Remember, you wanted to tell everyone how happy you were. . .
- It's sometimes difficult to try new things. Michael in this book is just like Taylor in the book we read yesterday. . .
- It looks like the people in this story are really struggling with litterbugs. We just worked hard to pick up the litter we found in our park. . .
Connections are pretty easy to make, no matter the text. And modeling this strategy doesn't have to be a huge, time-consuming endeavor. If one or two connections are made during one read aloud, that's great. Our hope is that when emerging readers--and even toddlers or preschoolers--hear the adults in their lives making natural connections as they read, that the little ones, too, will make connections when they are the ones decoding the text.
- Remember how the girl in The Gardner sent letters to her family while she was away, the little boy in this book. . .
And when readers make connections, they're drawing themselves closer to the text which will ultimately help them to better understand what they read. Very simply, we're hoping that our little ones will pick up on the habits of strong readers early on, and then they will naturally use these strategies on their own when they're able. Pretty awesome, right?
You can find more on this topic and others over at teach mama, where Amy shares the ways she sneaks a little bit of learning into her children's every day. . . or as often as she can with a 6, 4, and 3 year old. Or join her--and many other ABC & 123 friends--at we teach where they're chatting up a storm, sharing ideas, and learning a little themselves.